Havana,Nov26:The son of a wealthy farmer, Fidel Castro turned his back on a life of privilege to lead a left-wing revolution in Cuba that endured for decades defiant to imperialistic countries and regimes especially the US.The island of Cuba reeld under his authoritarian rule for a period of 5 decades.A lawyer by education he was more of a
As we turn back the pages of history we look a Fidel Castro’s achievements , his life and his rule as a leader of a communist country.Born in 1962,to his mother,who was a maid in his fathers first wife’s kitchen. Fidel Castro in tuen, fathered more than a dozen children with different women.
Castro had nine children from five women. His eldest son Fidel Castro Diaz-Balart, who is the image of his father and is known as Fidelito, is a Soviet-trained nuclear scientist born in 1949 out of his brief marriage to Mirta Diaz-Balart. Daughter Alina Fernandez, the result of an affair with a Havana socialite when Castro was underground in the 1950s, escaped from Cuba disguised as a tourist in 1993 and is a vocal critic. Castro has five sons with his common-law wife since the 1960s, Dalia Soto del Valle. He also has a son and a daughter born to two other women with whom he had affairs before coming to power.
Having survivied nine American presidents ,he survived the arms race ,the economic embargo imposed against Cuba ,by the US.
He first led the overthrow of the Batista dictatorship of Cuba in 1959 and made Cuba the first Communist country in the Western Hemisphere.Bringing social reforms to Cuba, his rule has been criticized for oppressing human rights and freedom of speech.
During his time in office, thousands of Cubans sought exile in the United States.
In 1952 , Castro runs for parliament. The government is overthrown on March 10, 1952, by Fulgencio Batista, and the elections are suspended.
During October 16, 1953 ,Fidel Castro is sentenced to 15 years in prison for trying to overthrow the Batista regime.
In May 15, 1955 Fidel and Raul Castro are released as part of a general amnesty for political prisoners. They go into exile in Mexico. While in Mexico, they meet Argentine physician Che Guevara. The three organize a group of Cuban exiles into a new guerrilla group.
With the help of Eighty-two exiles land in Cuba, on a yacht named Granma. The survivors, including Guevara and the Castro’s, flee to the Sierra Maestra Mountains. Between 1957-1958, they wage a guerilla campaign from this base, which includes skirmishes with government troops and burning sugar crops.
In 1959, Fulgencio Batista is overthrown by Castro’s forces.By February, Castro takes over as prime minister.
Fidel Castro visits the United States in April 1959.
Cuba and the Soviet Union establish formal diplomatic relations during the peak of communism.
Castro addresses the United Nations General Assembly in 1960.
OnDecember 3, 1976 – Castro becomes president of the State Council. This new title replaces the posts of president and prime minister.On March 18, 1977 – President Jimmy Carter ends the ban on U.S. travel to Cuba.
During April-September 1980 – More than 125,000 Cubans immigrate to the United States. This exodus becomes known as the Mariel Boatlift.
On October 20, 2004 ,After delivering a speech, Castro falls while leaving the podium.On July 31, 2006 – A statement read on Cuban TV announces that Fidel Castro is undergoing intestinal surgery and has provisionally handed over power to his younger brother Raul. The arrangement is expected to last for several weeks while Fidel Castro recuperates.
After this duration Castro is not seen effectively in public, as his health detiorates.
On Nov25,2016 Fidel castro passes away in the evening.This ends an era of