India is backward due to Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan: NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant
New Delhi: The reason why India is backward is that the states like Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, said NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant on Tuesday. “Eastern part of India particularly states like Bihar, UP, Chattisgarh, MP and Rajasthan is keeping India backwards especially on social indicators,” he said.
Kant said this while a lecture at the first Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan Memorial Lecture at Jamia Millia Islamia University.
NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant further said that the country has shown development in ease of doing business, however, remain backward on human development.
“While we’ve improved on ease of doing business, we’ve remained backwards on human development index, India is still 131 out of 188 countries in the Human Development Index,” he added.
The part of southern and western India was doing well and growing speedily, he said while reacting to ‘Challenges of Transforming India’.
“And when the country`s HDI has to improve and we have to focus on these social indicators. We are working on these things through Aspirational Districts Programme. “Education and health are vital and in these two areas, India is lagging behind. Our learning outcomes are poor – a class 5 student is not able to do class 2 subtractions. Class 5 student is not able to read his mother tongue. Infant mortality rates are very high. Unless we improve on these aspects, it will be difficult to grow in a consistent way.”
Encouraging the women community in the country he said, “There must be a conscious effort to frame policies to give women opportunities.”
Vice Chancellor of Jamia University Talat Ahmad was also present at the event.
NITI Aayog launched a baseline ranking mechanism in March 2018, under which 101 most underdeveloped districts of the country which have been termed as ‘aspirational’ would be competing with each other in terms of performance.
NITI Aayog CEO Amitabh Kant said while announcing the launch of ranking for the “Aspirational Districts’ that “India cannot grow at a high rate on a long run until these districts catch up, whatever high is the GDP number, it has no meaning until the benefit of growth percolates down to very basic level.”