Rio de Janeiro neglected slums :Favela thriving drug trafficking, violence, and police brutality
Rio de Janeiro August 4:. A favela (Portuguese pronunciation: [faˈvɛlɐ]) is a slum in Brazil within urban areas. The first favelas appeared in the late 19th century and were built by soldiers who had nowhere to live. Some of the first settlements were called bairros.
The people who live in favelas are known as moradores da favela (“inhabitants of favela”). Favelas are associated with extreme poverty. Brazil’s favelas are thought by some as being the result of the unequal distribution of wealth in the country.
For decades, many of Rio de Janeiro’s favelas have been controlled by gangs of armed drug traffickers. Beginning with the first UPP that was implemented in Dona Marta in 2008, many of Rio’s major favelas have received pacifying police forces.
The Pacifying Police Unit (Portuguese: Unidade de Polícia Pacificadora)UPP Beginning in 2008, Pacifying Police Units UPP, began to be implemented within various favelas in the city of Rio de Janeiro. The UPP is a law enforcement and social services program aimed at reclaiming territories controlled by drug traffickers.
In the early 21st century it was estimated that there were as many as 1,000 favelas there.
In Rio’s favelas, most homes are made from brick and cement, a majority have running water and about 99% have electricity. Sanitation is often a big problem – in Rocinha sewage flows down a large channel in the middle of houses.
In a 2010 census, which stated that 22.03 percent of the 6,323,037 residents of Rio de Janeiro live in favelas